Sinceda ihlabathi likhula ukusukela ngo-2012

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Imbali yophuhliso lwe-villa yentsimbi elula ekhaya nakumazwe aphesheya

Kutshanje, kwintengiso yezindlu kwaqhushumba "ukukhanya kwentsimbi yomoya", le nto intsha ibangele ukuba abantu abaninzi bahoye. Indlu yokukhanya yesinyithi yavela e-China ngo-1990. Namhlanje, itekhnoloji yesakhiwo sentsimbi ikhulile, ikhuthazwa lilizwe, kwaye ingene ngokusemthethweni kumbono woluntu. Ke amazwe aphuhlileyo angaphandle ayakha njani indlu? Ngenxa yokomelezwa kolwazi lokusingqongileyo kunye nokunqongophala kweenkuni kunye nezinye izinto, amazwe amaninzi afana ne-United States, iJapan, i-Bhritane, i-Australia, bakhuthaza ngenkuthalo ukusetyenziswa kunye nophuhliso lwee-villas ezikhanyayo zentsimbi.

Kwangoko nge-1960s, i-Australia ibeka phambili umxholo "wokufakwa ngokukhawuleza kwezindlu esele zenziwe", kodwa ngenxa yokuba imakethi ayivuthwanga, khange iphuhliswe kakuhle. Ngo-1987, kwavela into ebandayo eyomeleleyo eyakhiwe yabumba intsimbi, kwaye ubume obudibeneyo be-Australia kunye ne-New Zealand, njenge / nzs4600 yentsimbi eyakhiweyo ebandayo, yakhutshwa yaza yaphunyezwa ngo-1996. Olu hlobo lwesinyithi lunamandla amakhulu. Xa kuthelekiswa nomthamo ofanayo weenkuni, yi-1/3 kuphela yobunzima bomthi. Umphezulu kwalenza. Ngaphantsi kwemeko yokungabinakho ukulungiswa, ukuhlala kungafikelela kwiminyaka engama-75.

Izindlu zesinyithi ezikhanyayo zikhula ngokukhawuleza eUnited States. Ngo-1965 izindlu ezincinci zentsimbi zazine-15% kuphela yentengiso yokwakha e-United States; Ngo-1990 yayinyuke yaya kwiipesenti ezingama-53, ngelixa ngo-1993 yayinyuke yaya kuma-68 ekhulwini yaza ngo-2000 yaya kutsho kuma-75 ekhulwini. Ukubeka emgangathweni, ukwenza serialization, ubuchwephesha, ukuthengisa kunye nokuhlalisana kwezinto zokuhlala kunye nezinto eziphantse zayi-100%. Ukuqeshiswa koomatshini ohlukeneyo bokwakha, izixhobo kunye nezixhobo kuphuculwe kakhulu, kwaye isidanga sentengiso sifikelela kwi-40%.

Kwiminyaka yakutshanje, inkqubo yokwakha yesinyithi ekhanyayo enentsimbi ebandayo yindlela entsha yokwakha ekhula ngokukhawuleza eYurophu naseMelika. Isetyenziswa ngokubanzi kumakhaya abantu, izindlu, iindawo ezibukekayo, iiklabhu zeofisi, izikolo, izibhedlele, izakhiwo zorhwebo njalo njalo. E-Australia, malunga ne-600 yezigidi zeerandi zetsimbi ezikhanyayo zakhiwe ngonyaka ngamnye i-120,000, ebala malunga ne-24% yexabiso lalo lonke ishishini lokwakha e-Australia; EMelika inani lamakhaya akhiwe kusetyenziswa le nkqubo latsiba ukusuka kuma-55,000 embindini we-1990s ukuya kuma-325,000 ngo-2000. Okwangoku, olu hlobo lwendlu ekhanyayo yesinyithi sele iyeyona nto iphambili kulwakhiwo kumazwe athuthukileyo.


Ixesha lokuposa: Mar-18-2021